Possible Causes of Pelvic Pain in Women

Posted on: May 16, 2018

Most pelvic pain in women is the result of a problem within the organs in the lower abdomen and pelvic floor area. The pain can radiate from the bladder, rectum, uterus, ovaries or the Fallopian tubes. The pain may be something suffered long-term or it could come on suddenly.

When to seek help

If the pain imposes on daily activities of living or includes vaginal discharge or bleeding, sufferers should seek out medical help immediately. If pain only arises while urinating or during sexual intercourse, it could be a sign of an infection that will require examining the area of pain. Any pain in the pelvis that does not go away within 24-48 hours deems a medical examination.

These symptoms could be a sign of infection, trauma or another medical condition within the reproductive, urinary, gastrointestinal or musculoskeletal systems. In many cases, the cause of the problem results from a reproductive system issue that a gynecologist needs to address.

Some typical conditions that cause pelvic pain are

Adenomyosis or endometriosis

Both of these conditions occur when the endometrial tissues grow in a place they are not supposed. With Adenomyosis, it is in the muscular wall of the uterus. With Endometriosis, it can be in the ovaries, fallopian tubes or the tissue lining your pelvis. Both of these conditions cause discomfort within the pelvis and during intercourse. They can also cause heavy or irregular periods and cramping.

Ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage

When a fertilized egg grows outside of the uterus, it is called an ectopic pregnancy. One sign of ectopic pregnancy is a pain in the pelvis accompanied by vaginal bleeding. A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before week 20 and intrauterine fetal death is the loss of pregnancy after week 20, both of these can cause cramping and pelvic discomfort.

Ovarian cysts

The presence of a fluid-filled sac or solid cyst on or within the ovaries may cause pelvic discomfort and heavy or irregular menstruation.

Uterine fibroids

Fibroids are noncancerous growths in the uterus. These growths may cause pain, irregular or heavy period bleeding, cramping and lower back pain.

Ovarian or cervical cancer and Vulvodynia (pain around the opening of the vagina) are other additional causes of referred pelvic discomfort.

Visit us to determine what is causing pelvic pain

The first step in finding relief from pain is determining the cause. A visit to a gynecologist is the best solution to this. During the appointment, the gynecologist may start with a few questions to further pinpoint the issue. In addition to this important conversation, a pelvic exam and lab tests may be necessary. During a pelvic exam, the doctor can check for areas of tenderness, signs of infection and abnormal appearance.

Lab tests may be needed to find a positive answer about possible infections or growths. If these simple steps do not provide an answer, an ultrasound or X-ray may be necessary to determine the cause of pain. If you are suffering from pelvic pain, schedule an appointment today to find a cause and to experience relief.